Blockchain architect, ethics and compliance manager… focus on 5 jobs of the future

Lou Vallette, engineer in organic waste recovery

“Nothing is lost, nothing is created, everything is transformed…” I apply this motto to the letter in my job since it consists of minimizing household organic waste or waste produced by the food industry in order to reinject it in another sector. Trained in process engineering, I can think, for example, of how to recover the pulp of oranges pressed by orange juice manufacturers to make green energy, methane in this case, without it is necessary to tap into the planet’s fossil and non-renewable resources.

A single telling figure: 1 ton of bio-waste can produce 100 to 200 cubic meters of biogas, composed of 70% CH4 (methane), which can then be recovered in the form of heat, electricity or fuel. Obviously, this way of making energy is more expensive but also more virtuous for the planet since we are entering into a circular economy system.

When we know that 39% of household waste is organic matter and that in 2013 France generated 46.3 million tonnes of organic waste excluding agriculture and forestry, we realize that this research has enormous potential! Among the most innovative new projects in terms of the recovery of organic waste, we can also talk about the way in which it is now fed to fly larvae in order to grind them and make a protein-rich puree for food. animal or aquaculture. So many avenues that could, in the future, avoid planting soybeans in the Amazon! The proof that I exercise a profession of the future? Five years ago, when I chose to combine process engineering and life science, I was promised an uncertain future. Today, my profile is extremely sought after!

Ahmad El Jamal, additive manufacturing engineer

“To explain what I do, the easiest way is to take a concrete example. Let’s imagine that one of my clients is a company that manufactures blinds and that needs to have small plastic hooks made without having the means or the It was time to embark on an industrial research phase, preferring to test prototypes in-house before having them produced in large quantities.

This is where I come in by designing a 3D printer that will allow him to manufacture hooks, try them out and correct certain parameters very quickly if necessary instead of waiting for factory returns… is nothing less than accelerated prototyping. Depending on the needs and specifications of the company approaching me, I manufacture the 3D printer, I set it up, I do tests, I train technicians to carry out the prints and ensure the finishing of the parts and of course, I take care of the maintenance of the machine.

In fact, many people do not know it, but with 3D printing, we have entered the fourth industrial revolution. Already, more and more industries are adopting this process not just for the prototyping I was talking about but to replace assembly lines. This is the case in aviation, automotive or even the dental industry. The processes thus put in place make it possible to increase productivity while lowering the costs of often very complex parts. This technology is still evolving and its applications are gradually becoming endless in the industrial, professional or private field…”

Anthéa Letellier, end-of-life doula

“I started in this profession two years ago, after the death of my grandfather. After seeing the difficulty of supporting a loved one at the end of life, I wanted to help other people to face this departure with serenity. Being an end-of-life doula means helping people who are dying and their entourage on all the non-medical aspects, it means ensuring that the life they have left to live looks like Of course, palliative care exists, but patients are not the only ones who need support!

Their loved ones, especially when the end of life takes place at home, are put to the test. Helping them take care of household chores or taking over with the patient allows them to breathe. My role is to listen to them and reassure them: people often don’t dare say certain things to their loved ones for fear of offending them or worrying them, and it is then easier to open up to a third party. As there is no training yet in France, I was first a care worker in a nursing home, a volunteer in a palliative care association and I trained with an American doula.

It may seem paradoxical for an activity related to death, but I think it’s a profession with a future: 80% of French people say they want to die at home and all hope to be better supported in the hospital. No doubt out of fear, our society keeps death at a distance. There are, for example, practically no more funeral wakes as in the past. So much so that when they are overtaken by its reality, people no longer know how to react. Some people ask me if they have the right to touch their deceased, what will happen next with the body, etc. A doula helps bridge that distance by answering all those questions and making death feel natural.”

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Esso-Dong Djafalo, blockchain architect at Chronstate

“To fully understand my job, you must already know what a blockchain is… It is a technology that allows information to be stored and transmitted in a completely transparent and secure way. We often compare this database (which includes all the history of the exchanges carried out between users since its creation) to a general accounting book which remains anonymous and tamper-proof.

This is why it is widely used with cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum or Ripple: the blockchain secures the exchange of virtual currencies. As a blockchain consultant and architect, my role is first to analyze the project of a company that wants to create a blockchain or even launch its own cryptocurrency. It’s not always necessary! Sometimes a classic database is enough. Depending on the results of my analysis, I will create an application around a cryptocurrency and ensure its proper functioning.

It’s a job that requires specific knowledge because the blockchain language differs from other computer codes… I have to constantly keep myself informed of news in the sector and technological innovations, it’s fascinating. And very demanding because, in IT, the slightest error risks having dramatic and very costly consequences for the company I advise.

There is no doubt that my profession is set to develop in the years to come: soon, all the major groups will launch their own cryptocurrencies and their own blockchains. In luxury, the LVMH group has already entered into a partnership with Prada and Cartier. His idea: to create a platform intended to fight against counterfeiting by ensuring, thanks to a blockchain, a better traceability of the products sold.

Béatrice Chevalier, ethics and compliance manager at Suez

“Mapping the risks of corruption, training employees in the company’s ethical systems, ensuring that questions and alerts in terms of ethics are duly expressed and dealt with… Here are some of the main missions of an “ethics and compliance manager” In other words, I help my company to strengthen its ethical and more particularly anti-corruption system, by ensuring that it complies with the applicable regulations, and I thus protect its reputation.

For this, it is essential to disseminate and promote our ethics charter to our 90,000 employees. This charter is in line with Suez’s values ​​and defines our principles of action as well as our code of conduct. And this, not only because the Sapin 2 law obliges us to do so, but because it is essential to the proper functioning of our group.

For the sake of efficiency – and that’s what I like about this job – I work cross-functionally with all departments (legal, audit, HR, ISD or purchasing, etc.) and of course I rely on the managers to disseminate our principles and our rules.

Suez has an internal alert system accessible only to the group’s ethics officer and our “ethics & compliance” department. To this end, a dedicated e-mail address allows employees to report any situation contrary to our ethical rules. This may be information relating to acts of corruption, cases of fraud or even HR issues. It is then up to us, with the teams from the departments concerned, to study them and take the necessary measures, if necessary.

It is a relatively recent profession, first appearing in Anglo-Saxon countries thanks to the tightening of regulations, but it continues to grow in importance because it meets a more global requirement for transparency on the part of citizens, but also businesses. They understood that they had every interest in being irreproachable.”

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